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        THE CAPI PROCESSED FOOD SECTOR RESEARCH PROGRAM

PHASE 1:
Diagnosis

1. Diagnosing the trade deficit
2. Reasons for the trade deficit
3. Impacts: investments & closures

PHASE 2:
Inspiring practices

4. Case studies on success traits
5. Consumers and markets
6. Innovation insights

PHASE 3:
Competitive advantage

7. Metrics & investment scorecard
8. Implications for policy & strategy
9. Dialogues on outcomes

Financial Contributors,
In-Kind Contributors and Partners

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  PROJECT 1: DIAGNOSING THE TRADE DEFICIT

Performance of Canada's four agri-food sectors

All three of Canada's commodity designations (i.e., sections I, II, and III of the HS classification), which also include "primary processing," are in a trade surplus. However, processed food (secondary processing) is facing a rising trade deficit. The "live animals" trade balance is $5.3 billion, but this is down from its peak of $8 billion.* "Vegetable products" (which includes grains and oilseeds) has a $10.5 billion surplus. "Fats and oils" has a $2.9 billion surplus. The "food, beverage, spirits, vinegar" category has a negative trade balance and, since 2004, its trade deficit has risen to nearly $6.5 billion. (Tobacco was removed from this category for purposes of this analysis.) CAPI's current research is focused on this latter HS category, secondary processing.


AGRI-FOOD SECTORS TRADE BALANCE
$ millions
* The declining trade balance in that sector is addressed in Canada's Beef Food System (2012).

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Individual HS data by chapter (MS Excel)

 
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